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Get the facts about Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

TBI is change in brain function or brain pathology caused by an external force that can occur in traffic, at home, at work, at play, during sports activities, and on the battlefield.1

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70 Million

Individuals worldwide suffer a traumatic brain injury (TBI) each year.2


Military service members were affected by TBIs between 2000-2015 – it’s the most common traumatic injury in the U.S. military.3


The number of emergency department visits that happen each year from TBIs in adults over 65 due to falls.4


Children (0-14 years old) suffer a TBI each year due to falls and sports related accidents.5

5.3 Million

Americans are living with a long-term disability due to a TBI.

$50 Billion

In 2015, the cost for direct TBI medical care in the U.S. was estimated at more than $50 Billion per year.6

~$203 Million

The annual investment by the NIH in TBI-related research programs, representing less than half a percent of NIH’s $45 Billion budget.7


Times more likely someone with a history of TBI or PTSD will attempt suicide compared to those without the diagnosis.8

5.3 Million

The number of Americans with traumatic brain injuries that we can help each year with your contributions.

Sources / Citations

1 Manley, G.T. and Maas, A.I. (2013) JAMA 310, 473-474.

2 Haarbauer-Krupa J, et al. (2021) Epidemiology of chronic effects of traumatic brain injury. Journal of neurotrauma. 2021 Dec 1;38(23):3235-47.

3 Helmick et al (2015) Brain Imaging and Behavior. Sep;9(3):358-66.

4 Gardner et al. (2015) Journal of Neurotrauma, 35:889–906. doi: 10.1089/neu.2017.5371.

5 et al. (2016) World Neurosurgery, 91:497-509.e1 doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2016.03.045.

6 Frieden TR, Houry D, Baldwiin G. (2015) Report to Congress on Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Epidemiology and Rehabilitation. Atlanta, GA: CDC 2015.

7 https://report.nih.gov/funding/categorical-spending#/ (2022).

8 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21599727/

Brain trauma affects millions – here are some of their stories

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