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One pivotal component of CVB’s Blueprint Process is to take a leadership role in bringing together key stakeholders at a State of the Science Summit to survey the current scientific knowledge, identify knowledge gaps, and consider new clinical models and actionable research priorities that will inform funding efforts and accelerate the development of a new generation of precision diagnostics and targeted therapeutics.

After subject-matter experts document the research gaps, we develop an action plan outlining solutions and opportunities to advance research that will bridge the gaps, including needs for funding.

By fostering collaboration across the broader stakeholder community, we will advance solutions for people suffering from trauma-related brain disorders.

2018 State of the Science Summit: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

The inaugural State of the Science Summit focused on diagnosis of PTSD. During the summit, thought leaders addressed the issues with defining these disorders by their symptoms and discussed the need to create a new taxonomy of disease for these conditions.

Attendees worked to build consensus around knowledge gaps and discussed strategies to move the field forward. The summit served as a launchpad for ongoing working groups to develop evidence-based strategies on how to fill those gaps, identify new gaps as others are filled, and disseminate these findings back to the community at large.

Learn more and download the proceedings here.

2019 State of The Science Summit: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Our second State of the Science Summit hosted more than 100 thought leaders to foster consensus around potential paths to treatment for TBI. The goal was to examine the current classification system for TBI diagnosis in order to advance more precise diagnostics. The Summit focused on the chronic effects of TBI and identified the current knowledge gaps in the mechanisms of persistent TBI symptoms.

Learn more and download the proceedings here.

Learn More

Watch highlights from the State of the Science Summit focused on traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Watch Video Series

2022 Brain Trauma Blueprint Action Summit

The inaugural Brain Trauma Blueprint (BTB) Action Summit held on October 18-19th 2022 at the Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center in Washington DC, convened national stakeholder groups across government, academia, foundations, industry, and individuals with lived experience, to plan to execute the TBI Precision Research Roadmap, through collective public and private action. Through the Action Summit, the TBI leadership community developed an action plan with specific priorities that the community must take to achieve solutions sooner for those suffering from trauma-related brain disorders.

Learn more here.

What is Brain Trauma?

Brain trauma is an acquired injury to the brain that can be caused by either physical trauma (traumatic brain injury) or a psychological experience (post-traumatic stress).

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a clinically diagnosed condition that that develops in some people who have experienced a shocking, scary, or dangerous event.1 The associated stress of experiencing or witnessing this trauma can cause physical changes in the brain.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is defined as damage to the brain resulting from external mechanical force, such as rapid acceleration or deceleration, impact, blast waves, or penetration by a projectile.2

For both PTSD and TBI, the trauma can lead to changes in the structure and function of the brain that result in a variety of cognitive, physical, and emotional symptoms. Some of these symptoms may appear immediately after the traumatic event or brain injury, while others may be delayed, emerging months or even years later.

PTSD and TBI often coexist, and many of the symptoms of PTSD and TBI overlap. This can make it difficult to attribute the resulting symptoms to one disorder or the other and also can lead to misdiagnoses and delays in treatment. Both PTSD and TBI can greatly impact a patient’s health in terms of increased risk for other conditions such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obesity, as well as a number of psychological disorders such as depression, anxiety and substance use disorders.

Brain Trauma and Suicide

Both PTSD and TBI can increase the risk for suicide. Increased suicide risk is of particular concern among Veterans and service members. Studies by the Department of Veterans Affairs find that a history of TBI or PTSD is associated with a substantially increased likelihood of suicide attempts compared to those without the diagnosis — 1.5 and 2.8, respectively. For those with both TBI and PTSD, the likelihood of a suicide attempt is 3.3 times greater than for those with a TBI alone.

Studies among civilians also show a link between suicide and a history of PTSD and/or TBI.

Trauma can happen to anyone.

Up to 22
Up to 22

Tragically up to 22 American Veterans and service members die by suicide daily.

70%
70%

In a global survey, 70% of respondents reported witnessing or experiencing a traumatic event.

5 Seconds
5 Seconds

Every 5 seconds, a man, woman or child in the U.S. suffers a traumatic brain injury.

Millions affected by brain trauma are still waiting for solutions

Despite the frequency of brain trauma, decades of promising research and billions spent on clinical trials:

  • There are no cures for brain trauma.
  • Patients are diagnosed based on subjective, patient-reported symptoms, and not in an objective way based on their unique biology.
  • We lack reliable, evidence-based treatments.

Our mission is to fast-track and advance solutions to diagnose and treat PTSD and TBI. No one who experiences brain trauma should have to suffer the effects for a lifetime.

Learn More About our Research

Learn More About Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

PTSD is a clinically diagnosed condition that occurs in about 20% of all individuals who experience or witness a traumatic event that involved the actual or possible threat of death, violence or serious injury. Examples of traumatic events include experiencing or witnessing a natural disaster, serious accident, terrorist act, war/combat, or rape or being threatened with death, sexual violence or serious injury. A traumatic event could also be learning about a close friend or family member experiencing a traumatic event. It can also be repeated exposure to the details of traumatic events, such as with first responders.

Following a traumatic event, most people will experience symptoms such as difficult memories, feeling on edge, or trouble sleeping. These short-term symptoms are known as acute stress disorder (ASD) and typically occur within the first month following the trauma. When the symptoms of ASD persist for longer than a month, an individual may have PTSD.

By the numbers

8.6M

8.6 million adults are diagnosed with PTSD in a given year in the United States.
8.6 Million

8.6 million adults are diagnosed with PTSD in a given year in the United States.

Learn about our patient-focused efforts
By the numbers

10-20%

Approximately 10-20% (~ 300,000) Veterans who returned from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan are suffering from PTSD.
10-20%

Approximately 10-20% (~ 300,000) Veterans who returned from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan are suffering from PTSD.

See how we're supporting veterans and the military community
By the numbers

2x

Women are twice as likely as men to develop PTSD.
2 times as likely

Women are twice as likely as men to develop PTSD.

Learn about our research programs
By the numbers

More Likely

People who suffer from PTSD may be more likely to attempt suicide.
PTSD and Suicide

People who suffer from PTSD may be more likely to attempt suicide.

Join the Fight

The symptoms of PTSD can vary in severity and fall into the following four categories:

  1. Intrusive thoughts such as repeated, involuntary memories; distressing dreams; or flashbacks of the traumatic event.
  2. Avoidance of people, places, activities, objects or situations that are reminders of the traumatic event or avoiding remembering, talking or thinking about the traumatic event.
  3. Alterations in cognitions and mood, including being unable to remember important aspects of the traumatic event; negative thoughts and feelings about oneself or others (e.g., “I am bad,” “No one can be trusted”); feelings of anger, guilt or shame; a loss of interest in activities previously enjoyed; and hifeeling detached or estranged from others.
  4. Changes in arousal and reactivity, including being easily irritated, experiencing angry outbursts; behaving recklessly or in a self-destructive manner; being hypervigilant or easily startled; or difficulties concentrating or sleeping.

Currently, the diagnosis of PTSD is based on structured interviews and questionnaires administered by a clinician and according to the criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published by the American Psychiatric Association. No definitive diagnostic tests have been developed for PTSD.

PTSD is typically treated using psychotherapy or medications. Psychotherapy, or talk therapy, includes cognitive therapy, exposure therapy and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR). Medications such as antidepressants are often prescribed, and anti-anxiety medications or prazosin may also be prescribed.

Although psychotherapy and medication can significantly reduce PTSD symptoms for some people, there is still great room for improvement. Only two drugs — sertraline and paroxetine — have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to specifically treat PTSD. Both of these medications are in a class of drugs known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (or SSRIs) and are also approved to treat depression. These medications do not reduce PTSD symptoms for everyone and only 20 – 30% of patients achieve remission (i.e. they no longer have PTSD). The nonresponse rate for psychotherapy is also high, with many people stopping their therapy early. As a result, treatment resistant PTSD remains a significant problem.

We’re working to address this problem through robust and rigorous research to help better understand the biological underpinnings of PTSD. PTSD is a complex condition with different symptoms in different people. Gaining a better understanding of brain circuits and molecular pathways causing symptoms can enable better diagnoses and more effective treatments that target those circuits or pathways.

Learn More About Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is defined as damage to the brain resulting from external mechanical force, such as rapid acceleration or deceleration, impact, blast waves, or penetration by a projectile.2

TBIs are currently classified as mild, with a brief change in mental status or consciousness (commonly called concussions), moderate, or severe, with an extended period of unconsciousness and an associated higher likelihood of death. This is based on the immediate severity of the injury, not on the symptoms someone may suffer months or even years later.

The vast majority of clinical trials evaluating potential treatments for TBI have have demonstrated limited to no benefit.

By the numbers

2.87M

TBI is a leading cause of death and disability affecting at least 2.87 million Americans each year.
2.87 Million

TBI is a leading cause of death and disability affecting at least 2.87 million Americans each year.

Learn About our Research Programs
By the numbers

0

There are no FDA approved treatments for TBI.
0

There are no FDA approved treatments for TBI.

Learn about our advocacy efforts
By the numbers

434k+

More than 434,000 service members experienced TBI from 2000 to 2020.
More than 434,000

More than 434,000 service members experienced TBI from 2000 to 2020.

See how we're supporting the veteran and military community
By the numbers

434k+

Despite the misconception that a TBI is an event that occurs in isolation, for many individuals, a TBI is a chronic disease, with nearly 5.3 million people in the United States living with a permanent TBI-related disability.
5.3 Million

Despite the misconception that a TBI is an event that occurs in isolation, for many individuals, a TBI is a chronic disease, with nearly 5.3 million people in the United States living with a permanent TBI-related disability.

Join the Fight

Individuals with a TBI can experience a number of physical, cognitive, behavioral, and emotional impairments, including sleep disturbances, headaches, dizziness, sensitivity to light and noise, ringing in their ears, fatigue, depression, anxiety, mood swings, difficulty concentrating, impaired decision making, memory lapses, and personality changes.

A neurological examination to evaluate thinking, motor function (movement), sensory function, coordination, eye movement, and reflexes is usually the first step in diagnosing a potential head injury.

Imaging tests such as an MRI or CT scan may also be performed, but these cannot detect all TBIs. This is of particular concern for those TBIs categorized as mild, with estimates suggesting that 80-90% of all traumatic lesions can be missed, with MRI showing better sensitivity than CT. In recent years, new tools to aid in the diagnosis of mild TBI or concussion have come to the U.S. market, but none of these medical devices is intended to be used alone to diagnose a TBI.

Currently, there are no universally accepted diagnostic standards and further objective diagnostic methods are needed as many TBIs are under-detected and under-treated.

The treatment for TBI is currently based on the severity of the injury and generally involves managing the symptoms of the underlying injury.

For mild TBIs, generally no treatment is administered outside of instructions to rest and monitor for persistent or worsening symptoms.

Moderate to severe TBIs require immediate emergency medical treatment to not only assess the extent of brain injury but also minimize any secondary damage due to inflammation, bleeding or reduced oxygen supply to the brain. This secondary treatment can involve anything from surgery to removing blot clots, repairing skull fractures, and reducing bleeding in the brain to medications for treating symptoms such as seizures. Some patients who experience a moderate to severe TBI will also eventually undergo rehabilitation to relearn basic skills, such as walking or talking.

No therapeutics for TBI have successfully advanced to FDA approval.

Resources and Further Reading

Sources / Citations

1 National Institute of Mental Health. https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd

2 Maas AI, Stocchetti N, Bullock R (August 2008). “Moderate and severe traumatic brain injury in adults”. The Lancet. Neurology. 7 (8): 728–741. doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(08)70164-9. PMID 18635021. S2CID 14071224.

3 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4869975/

4 https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2762311

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JAMA Neurology

Comparison of Plasma Phosphorylated Tau Species With Amyloid and Tau Positron Emission Tomography, Neurodegeneration, Vascular Pathology, and Cognitive Outcomes

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Neurotrauma Reports

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Neurotrauma Reports Null Hypothesis

White Matter Hyperintensities Are Not Related to Symptomatology or Cognitive Functioning in Service Members with a Remote History of Traumatic Brain Injury

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Nature Protocols

Implantation of Neuropixels probes for chronic recording of neuronal activity in freely behaving mice and rats

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eLife

Introduction to the EQIPD quality system eLife

May 15, 2021

Journal of Neurotrauma

Pre-Clinical Common Data Elements for Traumatic Brain Injury Research: Progress and Use Cases

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Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience

Systematic Review and Methodological Considerations for the Use of Single Prolonged Stress and Fear Extinction Retention in Rodents

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Science Reports

The ANTsX ecosystem for quantitative biological and medical imaging

April 26, 2021

Neurotrauma Reports Null Hypothesis

Relationship between Sport-Related Concussion and Sleep Based on Self-Report and Commercial Actigraph Measurement

March 19, 2021

National Academies Press

Enhancing Scientific Reproducibility in Biomedical Research Through Transparent Reporting: Proceedings of a Workshop

March 19, 2021

NPJ Digital Medicine

Crowdsourcing digital health measures to predict Parkinson’s disease severity: the Parkinson’s Disease Digital Biomarker DREAM Challenge

February 22, 2021

Nature Computational Science

Similarity-driven multi-view embeddings from high-dimensional biomedical data

January 26, 2021

Neuropsychopharmacology

Neural correlates of anger expression in patients with PTSD

January 1, 2021

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Novel Molecular Targets for Mood Disorders and Psychosis: Proceedings Of A Workshop

November 16, 2020

Nature Reviews Drug Discovery

Improving target assessment in biomedical research: the GOT-IT recommendations

October 30, 2020

Neurotrauma Reports

Leveling the Playing Field: A New Initiative to Publish Negative and Replication Data in Brain Trauma

October 19, 2020

Nature Biomedical Engineering

Identification of psychiatric disorder subtypes from functional connectivity patterns in resting-state electroencephalography

October 14, 2020

Nature Communications

Genome-wide translational profiling of amygdala Crh-expressing neurons reveals role for CREB in fear extinction learning

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Journal of Neurotrauma

Functional and Structural Neuroimaging Correlates of Repetitive Low-Level Blast Exposure in Career Breachers

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Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences

Determining effects of adolescent stress exposure on risk for posttraumatic stress disorder in adulthood

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Cell Reports

Analysis of Genetically Regulated Gene Expression Identifies a Prefrontal PTSD Gene, SNRNP35, Specific to Military Cohorts

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An Electroencephalography Connectomic Profile of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

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The American Journal of Psychiatry

Individual Patterns of Abnormality in Resting-State Functional Connectivity Reveal Two Data-Driven PTSD Subgroups

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Nature Communications

International meta-analysis of PTSD genome-wide association studies identifies sex- and ancestry-specific genetic risk loci

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T16. Discovery of Novel Blood Biomarkers for PTSD and TBI

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Cell Reports

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Journal of Magnetic Resonance

N, N-Diethylmethylamine as lineshape standard for NMR above 130 K

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Cell Reports

TIA-1 Self-Multimerization, Phase Separtion, and Recruitment into Stress Granules Are Dynamically Regulated by Zn2+

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Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology

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Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology

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  • Use any robot, spider, site search/retrieval application or other manual or automatic device to retrieve, index, “scrape,” “data mine” or in any way gather Site content or reproduce or circumvent the navigational structure or presentation of the Site without the Organization’s express prior written consent.

Purchases

We may make available products and services for purchase through the Site, and we may use third-party suppliers and service providers to enable e-commerce functionality on our Site. If you wish to purchase any product or service made available by us through the Site (each such purchase, a “Transaction”), you may be asked to supply certain information relevant to your Transaction, including without limitation your credit card number, the expiration date of your credit card, your billing address, and your shipping information. YOU REPRESENT AND WARRANT THAT YOU HAVE THE LEGAL RIGHT TO USE ANY CREDIT CARD(S) UTILIZED IN CONNECTION WITH ANY TRANSACTION. By submitting such information, you grant the Organization the right to provide such information to third parties for purposes of facilitating the completion of Transactions initiated by you or on your behalf. Verification of information may be required prior to the acknowledgment or completion of any Transaction.

Products, Content and Specifications

Descriptions and images of, and references to, third-party products or services available in connection with the Site do not imply the Organization’s endorsement of such third-party products or services. All descriptions, images, references, features, content, specifications, products and prices of products and services described or depicted on this Site, are subject to change at any time without notice. Refunds and exchanges will be subject to the Organization’s refund and exchange policies then in effect. You agree to pay all charges that may be incurred by you or on your behalf through the Site, at the price(s) in effect when such charges are incurred, including without limitation all shipping and handling charges. In addition, you remain responsible for any taxes that may be applicable to your Transactions.Additionally, you acknowledge and agree that you (and not the Organization) are responsible for obtaining and maintaining all telecommunications, broadband, and computer hardware, equipment and services needed to access and use the Site, and paying all charges related thereto.

Donations

Your donation is effective immediately. The Organization can refund or cancel your donation upon request to info@cohenveteransbioscience.org. Please see the Privacy Policy for information regarding making a donation or contribution through the Site.

Accuracy of Information

We attempt to ensure that information on this Site is complete, accurate and current. Despite our efforts, the information on this Site may occasionally be inaccurate, incomplete or out of date. We make no representation as to the completeness, accuracy or currentness of any information on this Site. We reserve the right, without prior notice, to limit the order quantity on any product, item or service offered for sale on this Site and/or to refuse service to any customer. We may also require verification of any information prior to the acceptance of any order.

Registration; User Names and Passwords

You may be required to register with the Organization in order to access certain Services or areas of the Site. With respect to any such registration, we may refuse to grant you, and you may not use, a user name (or e-mail address) that is already being used by someone else; that may be construed as impersonating another person; that belongs to another person; that violates the intellectual property or other rights of any person; that is offensive; or that we reject for any other reason in our sole discretion.

Your user name and password are for your personal use only, and not for use by any other person. You are responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of any password you may use to access the Site, and agree not to transfer your password or user name, or lend or otherwise transfer your use of or access to the Site, to any third party. You are fully responsible for all interaction with the Site that occurs in connection with your password or user name (including, without limitation, all Transactions). You agree to immediately notify the Organization of any unauthorized use of your password or user name or any other breach of security related to your account or the Site, and to ensure that you “log off”/exit from your account with the Site (if applicable) at the end of each session. We are not liable for any loss or damage arising from your failure to comply with any of the foregoing obligations.

Profiles and Forums

We may provide you with the ability to post certain information and materials on your “profile page” (your “Profile”). Further, we and/or our service providers may make available through the Site services (for example, message boards, forums, blogs, chat functionality, messaging functionality and comment functionality on the Site, among other services) to which you are able to post information and materials (each, a “Forum”).

Information contained in the Profiles and Forums may be provided by employees of the Organization and Affiliated Entities as well as by visitors to the Site and other third parties. Please note that Site visitors and other third parties may post messages or make statements in the Profiles and Forums that are inaccurate, misleading or deceptive. The Organization, the Affiliated Entities and their respective employees, officers, directors, shareholders, affiliates, agents, representatives, licensors, suppliers and service providers neither endorse nor are responsible for any opinion, advice, information or statements made in the Profiles and Forums by third parties. Without limitation, the Organization, the Affiliated Entities and their respective employees, officers, directors, shareholders, affiliates, agents, representatives, licensors, suppliers and service providers are not responsible for any information or materials made available through the Profiles and Forums (including without limitation errors or omissions in Profiles and Forum postings or links or images embedded in a Profile or in Forum messages) or results obtained by using any such information or materials. Under no circumstances will the Organization, the Affiliated Entities or their respective employees, officers, directors, shareholders, affiliates, agents, representatives, licensors, suppliers or service providers, be liable for any loss or damage caused by your reliance on such information or materials. The opinions expressed in the Profiles and Forums reflect solely the opinions of the individuals who submitted such opinions, and may not reflect the opinions of the Organization.
In addition, the Organization, the Affiliated Entities and their respective employees, officers, directors, shareholders, affiliates, agents, representatives, licensors, suppliers and service providers have no control over, and shall have no liability for, any damages resulting from the use (including without limitation republication) or misuse by any third party of information voluntarily made public through a Profile or a Forum or any other part of the Site. IF YOU CHOOSE TO MAKE ANY OF YOUR PERSONALLY IDENTIFIABLE OR OTHER INFORMATION PUBLICLY AVAILABLE IN A PROFILE OR A FORUM OR OTHERWISE ON THE SITE, YOU DO SO AT YOUR OWN RISK.

Private Forums

The Site may contain limited-access Forums (“Private Forums”) that are made available to Site visitors subject to such visitors meeting the applicable posted eligibility criteria. You may not access or attempt to access a Private Forum unless you meet the applicable posted eligibility criteria. We may deny you access to any Private Forum at any time and for any reason, including if, in our sole discretion, we determine that you do not meet the applicable posted eligibility criteria. You agree that any information or materials posted by us or by others in a Private Forum are confidential and shall not be disclosed to any third party outside such Private Forum, except to the extent that such information or materials (a) are or become generally known or available through no act or omission of you; (b) are known by you prior to accessing such information or materials through the applicable Private Forum; (c) are independently developed by you; (d) are lawfully obtained outside the Private Forum by you from a third party who has the right to make such disclosure; (e) are approved for disclosure in writing by us; or (f) are legally compelled to be disclosed, provided that you shall use reasonable efforts to give advance notice of such compelled disclosure to us, and shall cooperate with us in connection with any efforts to prevent or limit the scope of such disclosure or use. Your confidentiality obligations under this section shall survive any expiration or termination of this Agreement. You agree that the Organization is neither responsible nor liable for the confidentiality of any information or materials posted in any Private Forum.

Polls

We may make available voting and polling functionality on or through the Site. The results of such voting and polling are unscientific, and the Organization is neither responsible nor liable for the accuracy or integrity of such voting and polling. You agree not to fraudulently affect or attempt to affect the results of such voting and polling, including by submitting multiple responses or encouraging others to submit a certain response or multiple responses.

License

For purposes of clarity, you retain ownership of any information, content and/or materials you submit through a Profile or a Forum or otherwise through the Site (each, a “Submission”). However, please note that we need certain rights to your Submissions to be able to make them available on the Site. As such, you hereby grant to the Organization, the Affiliated Entities and their respective service providers and designees a worldwide, non-exclusive, transferable, sublicenseable (through multiple tiers), royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license, without compensation to you: to use, reproduce, distribute, adapt (including without limitation edit, modify, translate, and reformat), create derivative works of, transmit, publicly display and publicly perform such Submission, in any media now known or hereafter developed.

This license is non-exclusive (so you can license your Submissions to others), worldwide (as the Internet is global in its reach), fully-paid up and royalty-free (so, for example, that we do not have to pay you for posting your Submissions), sublicenseable through multiple tiers (so that we can use our service providers and subcontractors to provide Services).

For each Submission, you represent and warrant that you have all rights necessary for you to grant the licenses granted in this section, and that such Submission, and your provision thereof to and through the Site, comply with all applicable laws, rules and regulations. You further irrevocably waive any “moral rights” or other rights with respect to attribution of authorship or integrity of materials regarding each Submission that you may have under any applicable law under any legal theory. We request this waiver to help ensure that we have all the rights we may need to provide the Services available through the Site.

Monitoring

You acknowledge and agree that (a) we reserve the right (but have no obligation) to do any or all of the following, at our discretion: (i) monitor Submissions; (ii) alter, remove, or refuse to post or allow to be posted any Submission; and/or (iii) disclose any Submissions, and the circumstances surrounding their transmission, to any third party in order to operate the Site; to protect the Organization, the Affiliated Entities and their respective employees, officers, directors, shareholders, affiliates, agents, representatives, licensors, suppliers and service providers, and the Site’s users and visitors; to comply with legal obligations or governmental requests; to enforce this Agreement; or for any other reason or purpose.

The Organization’s Proprietary Rights

The information and materials made available through the Site, including the Services, are and shall remain the property of the Organization and its licensors and suppliers, and are protected by copyright, trademark, patent, and/or other proprietary rights and laws. Subject to your compliance with this Agreement, and solely for so long as you are permitted by the Organization to access and use the Site, you may view one (1) copy of any content on the Site to which we provide you access hereunder on any single computer solely for your personal, non-commercial home use, provided that you keep intact all copyright and other proprietary notices. Except as expressly authorized in advance by the Organization in writing, you agree not to reproduce, modify, rent, lease, loan, sell, distribute, or create derivative works based (whether in whole or in part) on, all or any part of the Site or any materials made available through the Site.

Trade names, trademarks and service marks of the Organization include without limitation, COHEN VETERANS BIOSCIENCE and any associated logos. All trademarks and service marks on the Site not owned by the Organization are the property of their respective owners. The trade names, trademarks and service marks owned by the Organization, whether registered or unregistered, may not be used in connection with any product or service that is not ours, in any manner that is likely to cause confusion. Nothing contained on the Site should be construed as granting, by implication, estoppel or otherwise, any license or right to use any of the Organization’s trade names, trademarks or service marks without our express prior written consent.

Links

The Site may provide links to other web sites and online resources. Because the Organization has no control over such sites and resources, you acknowledge and agree that the Organization and the Affiliated Entities and their respective employees, officers, directors, shareholders, affiliates, agents, representatives, licensors, suppliers and service providers are not responsible for the availability of such external sites or resources, and the Organization and the Affiliated Entities and their respective employees, officers, directors, shareholders, affiliates, agents, representatives, licensors, suppliers and service providers neither endorse nor are responsible or liable for any content, advertising, products or other materials on or available through such sites or resources. Other web sites may provide links to the Site with or without our authorization. You acknowledge and agree that the Organization and the Affiliated Entities and their respective employees, officers, directors, shareholders, affiliates, agents, representatives, licensors, suppliers and service providers do not endorse such sites, and are not and shall not be responsible or liable for any links from those sites to the Site, any content, advertising, products or other materials available on or through such other sites, or any loss or damages incurred in connection therewith.

YOU AGREE THAT YOUR USE OF THIRD PARTY WEB SITES AND RESOURCES, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, YOUR USE OF ANY CONTENT, INFORMATION, DATA, ADVERTISING, PRODUCTS, OR OTHER MATERIALS ON OR AVAILABLE THROUGH SUCH WEB SITES AND RESOURCES, IS AT YOUR OWN RISK AND IS SUBJECT TO THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF USE APPLICABLE TO SUCH SITES AND RESOURCES.
The Organization shall have the right, at any time and in its sole discretion, to block links to the Site through technological or other means without prior notice.

Disclaimer of Warranties

THE SITE AND ANY GOODS OR SERVICES MADE AVAILABLE THROUGH OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SITE ARE PROVIDED TO YOU “AS IS” WITHOUT ANY WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, WHETHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY. YOU AGREE THAT YOU MUST EVALUATE, AND THAT YOU BEAR ALL RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH, THE USE OF THE SITE, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY RELIANCE ON THE ACCURACY, COMPLETENESS OR USEFULNESS OF ANY MATERIALS AVAILABLE THROUGH THE SITE. THE ORGANIZATION AND THE AFFILIATED ENTITIES AND THEIR RESPECTIVE EMPLOYEES, OFFICERS, DIRECTORS, SHAREHOLDERS, AFFILIATES, AGENTS, REPRESENTATIVES, LICENSORS, SUPPLIERS AND SERVICE PROVIDERS DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE SITE AND ANY PRODUCT OR SERVICE (INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, THIRD PARTY PRODUCTS AND SERVICES) OBTAINED THROUGH THE SITE, TO THE FULLEST EXTENT PERMISSIBLE UNDER APPLICABLE LAW, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, NONINFRINGEMENT, AND TITLE.

LIMITATION OF LIABILITY. THE ORGANIZATION AND THE AFFILIATED ENTITIES AND THEIR RESPECTIVE EMPLOYEES, OFFICERS, DIRECTORS, SHAREHOLDERS, AFFILIATES, AGENTS, REPRESENTATIVES, LICENSORS, SUPPLIERS AND SERVICE PROVIDERS WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES OF ANY KIND, UNDER ANY CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE, STRICT LIABILITY OR OTHER THEORY, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, DAMAGES FOR LOSS OF PROFITS, USE, DATA, LOSS OF OTHER INTANGIBLES, LOSS OF SECURITY OF INFORMATION YOU HAVE PROVIDED IN CONNECTION WITH YOUR USE OF THE SITE, OR UNAUTHORIZED INTERCEPTION OF ANY SUCH INFORMATION BY THIRD PARTIES, EVEN IF ADVISED IN ADVANCE OF SUCH DAMAGES OR LOSSES. IN PARTICULAR, AND WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE ORGANIZATION AND THE AFFILIATED ENTITIES AND THEIR RESPECTIVE EMPLOYEES, OFFICERS, DIRECTORS, SHAREHOLDERS, AFFILIATES, AGENTS, REPRESENTATIVES, LICENSORS, SUPPLIERS AND SERVICE PROVIDERS WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR DAMAGES OF ANY KIND RESULTING FROM YOUR USE OF OR INABILITY TO USE THE SITE OR FROM ANY CONTENT POSTED ON THE SITE BY THE ORGANIZATION OR ANY THIRD PARTY. YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR DISSATISFACTION WITH THE SITE IS TO STOP USING THE SITE. THE MAXIMUM LIABILITY OF THE ORGANIZATION FOR ALL DAMAGES, LOSSES AND CAUSES OF ACTION, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT (INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION NEGLIGENCE) OR OTHERWISE, SHALL BE THE TOTAL AMOUNT, IF ANY, PAID BY YOU TO THE ORGANIZATION TO ACCESS AND USE THE SITE OR $50, WHICHEVER IS GREATER.

While we try to maintain the integrity and security of the Site and the servers from which the Site is operated, we do not guarantee that the Site will be or remain secure, complete or correct, or that access to the Site will be uninterrupted. The Site may include inaccuracies, errors and materials that violate or conflict with this Agreement. Additionally, third parties may make unauthorized alterations to the Site. If you become aware of any unauthorized third party alteration to the Site, contact us at info@cohenveteransbioscience.org with a description of the material(s) at issue and the URL or location on the Site where such material(s) appear.

Indemnity

You agree to defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Organization and the Affiliated Entities and their respective employees, officers, directors, shareholders, affiliates, agents, representatives, licensors, suppliers and service providers, from and against all claims, losses, costs and expenses (including attorneys fees) arising out of (a) your use of, or activities in connection with, the Site (including all Transactions); or (b) any violation of this Agreement by you.

Termination

This Agreement is effective until terminated. The Organization, in its sole discretion, may terminate your access to or use of the Site, at any time and for any reason, including if the Organization believes that you have violated or acted inconsistently with the letter or spirit of this Agreement. Upon any such termination, your right to use the Site will immediately cease. You agree that any termination of your access to or use of the Site may be effected without prior notice, and that the Organization may immediately deactivate or delete your password and user name, and all related information and files associated with it, and/or bar any further access to such information or files. You agree that the Organization and the Affiliated Entities shall not be liable to you or any third party for any termination of your access to the Site or to any such information or files, and shall not be required to make such information or files available to you after any such termination.

Governing Law; Jurisdiction

This Agreement, and any claim or dispute arising in connection with this Agreement, the Privacy Policy or your use of the Site, is governed by and shall be construed in accordance with the laws of the State of California, U.S.A., without regard to its principles of conflicts of law. You agree to exclusive jurisdiction of the federal court in the Northern District of California or of a state court in Napa County, California or San Francisco County, California, U.S.A., and waive any jurisdictional, venue or inconvenient forum objections to such courts.

Contact Us

If you have any questions regarding the meaning of application of this Agreement, please direct such questions to info@cohenveteransbioscience.org. Please note that e-mail communications will not necessarily be secure; accordingly you should not include credit card information or other sensitive information in your e-mail correspondence with us.

Filtering

Pursuant to 47 U.S.C. Section 230(d) as amended, we hereby notify you that parental control protections (such as computer hardware, software or filtering services) are commercially available that may assist you in limiting access to material that is harmful to minors. Information identifying current providers of such protections is available on the two web sites GetNetWise (http://kids.getnetwise.org) and OnGuard Online (http://onguardonline.gov). Please note that the Organization does not endorse any of the products or services listed at such site.

Notice for California Residents

Under California Civil Code Section 1789.3, California users are entitled to the following consumer rights notice: If you have a question or complaint regarding the Site, please send an e-mail to info@cohenveteransbioscience.org. You may also contact us by writing to 510 Madison Avenue, 4th Floor, New York City, NY 10022. California residents may reach the Complaint Assistance Unit of the Division of Consumer Services of the California Department of Consumer Affairs by mail at 1625 North Market Blvd., Sacramento, CA 95834, or by telephone at (916) 445-1254 or (800) 952- 5210.

Claims of Copyright Infringement

The Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998 (the “DMCA”) provides recourse for copyright owners who believe that material appearing on the Internet infringes their rights under U.S. copyright law. If you believe in good faith that materials available on the Site infringe your copyright, you (or your agent) may send the Organization a notice requesting that the Organization remove the material or block access to it. If you believe in good faith that someone has wrongly filed a notice of copyright infringement against you, the DMCA permits you to send the Organization a counter- notice. Notices and counter-notices must meet the then-current statutory requirements imposed by the DMCA.
See http://www.copyright.gov/ for details. Notices and counter-notices should be sent to: info@cohenveteransbioscience.org

We suggest that you consult your legal advisor before filing a notice or counter-notice.

Miscellaneous

This Agreement does not, and shall not be construed to, create any partnership, joint venture, employer-employee, agency or franchisor-franchisee relationship between you and the Organization. If any provision of this Agreement is found to be unlawful, void or for any reason unenforceable, that provision will be deemed severable from this Agreement and will not affect the validity and enforceability of any remaining provision. You may not assign, transfer or sublicense any or all of your rights or obligations under this Agreement without our express prior written consent. We may assign, transfer or sublicense any or all of our rights or obligations under this Agreement without restriction. No waiver by either party of any breach or default hereunder will be deemed to be a waiver of any preceding or subsequent breach or default. Any heading, caption or section title contained herein is inserted only as a matter of convenience, and in no way defines or explains any section or provision hereof. This, together with all policies referred to herein, is the entire Agreement between you and the Organization relating to the subject matter herein and supersedes any and all prior or contemporaneous written or oral agreements or understandings between you and the Organization relating to such subject matter. Notices to you may be made via posting to the Site, by email, or by regular mail, in the Organization’s discretion. The Site may also provide notices of changes to this Agreement or other matters by displaying such notices or by providing links to such notices. Without limitation, you agree that a printed version of this Agreement and of any notice given in electronic form shall be admissible in judicial or administrative proceedings based upon or relating to this Agreement to the same extent and subject to the same conditions as other business documents and records originally generated and maintained in printed form. The Organization will not be responsible for failures to fulfill any obligations due to causes beyond its control.

This Privacy Statement informs you of our policies regarding the collection, use, and disclosure of personal data when you use our Service and the choices you have associated with that data. This Privacy Statement does not apply to the privacy practices of any other third party websites that may be accessible from our website.

For purposes of this Privacy Statement, personal data or personal information means any information that, by itself, can identify you or can be combined with other information to identify you.

We use your data to provide and improve our Service. By using the Service, you agree to the collection and use of information in accordance with this Privacy Policy. Unless otherwise defined in this Privacy Policy, terms used in this Privacy Policy have the same meanings as in our Terms of Use, which is accessible from https://cohenveteransbioscience.org.

By accessing our Services or providing your information to us, you accept and agree to the practices described in this Policy Statement. Your continued use of the website and/or the Services also indicates your acceptance of this websites terms and conditions of use. This Privacy Policy is incorporated into and is a part of our websites “Terms of Use”.

This Privacy Statement describes our privacy practices and will cover the following topics:

  • What types of personal information we collect about and from you
  • How we collect personal information about you
  • How we may use your personal information and what choices you have about how we treat your information
  • With whom we may share your personal information
  • Other information collected
  • Our data security protections and how we protect your privacy
  • Your privacy options and access rights
  • Notices and Disclosures
  • How to contact us
  • Updates to this privacy statement

This Privacy Policy Statement is crafted with a focus towards and in accordance with the European Union General Data Privacy Regulation (GDPR).

Privacy policy Statement Definitions

Service

“Services” encompasses the https://cohenveteransbioscience.org and all related websites owned and operated by Cohen Veterans Bioscience.

Personal Data

For the purposes of this Privacy Statement, “Personal Information” or Personal Data means any information that, by itself, can identify you or can be combined with other information to identify you.

Usage Data

Usage Data is data collected automatically either generated by the use of the Service or from the Service infrastructure itself (for example, the duration of a page visit).

Cookies

Cookies are small pieces of data stored on your device (computer or tablet or mobile device). Cohen Veterans Bioscience uses “cookies” on its websites to enable you to sign in to our services and personalize your online experience. This small data file is stored on your hard drive. By using cookies, the information you previously provided can be retrieved on your next visit to our website(s) so that your use of the website is more efficient.

Data Controller

Data Controller means the natural or legal person who (either alone or jointly or in common with other persons) determines the purposes for which and the manner in which any personal information are, or are to be, processed.

For the purpose of this Privacy Policy, we are a Data Controller of your Personal Data.

Data Processors (or Service Providers)

Data Processor (or Service Provider) means any natural or legal person who processes the data on behalf of the Data Controller.

We may use the services of various Service Providers in order to process your data more effectively. In some cases and for some data we may act as a Service Provider as well.

Data Subject (or User)

Data Subject is any living individual who is using our Service and is the subject of Personal Data.

Information Collection

We collect several different types of information for various purposes to provide and improve our Service to you.

Types of Data Collected

Personal Data

While using our Service, we may ask you to provide us with certain personally identifiable information that can be used to contact or identify you (“Personal Data”). The type of information we collect on you will depend on how you choose to interact with us. Personally identifiable information may include contact information and demographic information, and may include, but is not limited to:

  • Email addresses
  • First name and last names
  • Phone numbers
  • Mailing address, State, Province, ZIP/Postal code, City
  • Cookies and Usage Data
  • Title
  • Company or Organization including location
  • Emergency contact info
  • Preferred formatting data

We may also collect information about your personal or professional areas of interest.

We may use your Personal Data to register you for an event or to contact you with newsletters, education materials and other information that may be of interest to you. You may opt out of receiving any, or all, of these communications from us by following the unsubscribe link or instructions provided in any email we send.

Research Participation Data

If you inquire about or enroll in a research study, we may collect information from you related to the study or studies, which may include health information as further detailed by an informed consent, if applicable. Research participant data will always be maintained in a secure, fully compliant, restricted environment that is accessed only for research purposes as permitted by an informed consent, if applicable.

Usage Data

We may also collect information about how the Service is accessed and used (“Usage Data”). This Usage Data may include information such as your computer’s Internet Protocol address (e.g. IP address), browser type, browser version, the pages of our Service that you visit, the time and date of your visit, the time spent on those pages, unique device identifiers and other diagnostic data.

Browser and Device Data

Certain device data may be automatically collected by your browser or device such as your MAC address, computer type, screen resolution, operating system and version, device manufacturer and model, internet browser and version. This information, when available, is used to ensure proper operation and function of our Services.

Tracking & Cookies Data

When you visit our websites, we may automatically collect information about your visit, including pages you access, links you click and actions you take in connection with Cohen Veterans Bioscience Services. We may also collect certain information from your web browser, such as your device’s operating system, application software, browser type and language, Internet Service Provider, Internet Protocol (IP) address, access times and the websites you visited before and after our website(s). We use cookies and similar tracking technologies to track the activity on our Service and hold certain information.

Your IP address is automatically assigned to your computer by your Internet Service Provider. An IP address may be identified and logged automatically in our server log files whenever a user accesses the Services, along with the time of the visit and the page(s) that were visited. Collecting IP addresses is standard practice and is done automatically by many websites, applications, and other services. We use the IP addresses for purposes such as calculating usage levels, diagnosing server problems and administering the Services. We may also derive your approximate location from your IP address.

Cookies are files with small amount of data which may include an anonymous unique identifier. Cookies are sent to your browser from a website and stored on your device. Tracking technologies also used, such as beacons, internet tags, and scripts, to collect and track information and to improve and analyze our Service.

You can instruct your browser to refuse all cookies or to indicate when a cookie is being sent. However, if you do not accept cookies, you may not be able to use some portions of our Service.

Cookies are typically either session-based (which disappear after you close your browser) or persistent (which remain on your computer after you close your browser or turn off your computer). Cohen Veterans Bioscience may use any of the following types or categories of cookies:

  • Required Cookies are essential to core website functionality.
  • Performance cookies are collect information about website visits to improve performance, but do not collect personal information.
  • Functional or Preference cookies are used to keep track of your preferences and various settings and track your preferences, such as your preferred language or display settings, and customize the website to you. Some of these cookies may be required.
  • Analytics Cookies allow us to count page visits and traffic sources so we can measure and improve the performance of our websites and our communications campaigns.
  • Security Cookies are for security purposes.

If you do not want information collected through the use of cookies, most browsers allow you to automatically decline cookies or be given the choice of declining or accepting a particular cookie (or cookies) from a particular website.

You may also wish to refer to http://www.allaboutcookies.org/manage-cookies/index.html.

If, however, you do not accept cookies, you may experience some inconvenience in your use of the Services. This web site may be partially or completely inaccessible or not function properly.

Some of our websites web pages may now or in the future use web beacons in conjunction with cookies to compile aggregate statistics about website usage. A web beacon is an electronic image (also referred to as an “action tag,” “single-pixel,” or “clear GIF”) that is commonly used to track the traffic patterns of users from one web page to another in order to maximize web traffic flow and to otherwise analyze the effectiveness of the Website. Some web beacons may be unusable if you elect to reject their associated cookies.

Browser manufacturers provide help pages relating to cookie management in their products. Please see below for more information.

For other browsers, please consult the documentation that your browser manufacturer provides.

Information from other sources

We may also obtain information about you from other sources and combine that with information we collect through our Services. For example, we may aggregate your personal information with information that you make publicly available to better communicate with you but only in a way that you prefer and consent too.

We may collect information about you from event registration, fundraising and other public sources.

Based on how you connect with us over social media, your social media account may collect information about you. Your interactions with social media companies are governed by their privacy policies.

Your Choices

We respect your right to make choices about the ways we collect, use, and disclose your Personal Information. Discussed above are choices you have about delivery of cookies to your computer through our websites. In addition, we generally will ask you to indicate your choices at the time we collect your Personal Information. For example, we provide you with an opportunity to “opt out” of receiving certain communications from us. In addition, we will include an “unsubscribe” link in each email we send you, so that you can inform us that you do not wish to receive such communications from us in the future.

You may change previously expressed preferences regarding how we use your Personal Information. If at any time you wish to be taken off our mailing lists, please contact us using the information provided above . Once we have the information we need, we will remove you from our mailing lists as you have requested. Please give us a reasonable amount of time to honor your request.

Use of your Data

This section covers how we may use your personal information. Cohen Veterans Bioscience will use your personal information to respond to your inquiries and to provide you with the information, resources and support services you request. We will use your information to better understand the community we serve and to evaluate and improve our communication programs. Specifically we will use your information to:

  • To notify you about changes to our Service.
  • To provide security and fraud protection for our Services.
  • To allow you to participate in interactive features of our Service when you choose to do so.
  • To provide you customer support.
  • To gather analysis or valuable information so that we can improve our service, mission delivery and support.
  • To monitor the usage of our Service including usage trends, audits, performance monitoring and delivery.
  • To detect, prevent and address technical issues.
  • To provide you with news, and general information about services and events which we offer or that you have enquired about unless you have opted not to receive such information.

We may disclose your personal information to reputable vendors. They will always be restricted from using any information for any purpose other than helping us provide services.

Legal or lawful Basis for Processing Personal Data (Including Under General Data Protection Regulation GDPR)

If you are in the European Union, that is you are from the European Economic Area (EEA), we will collect and use your personal data only if we have one or more legal or lawful bases for doing so under the GDPR. The legal bases depend on your interaction with us and our sites. This means we collect and use your personal data only where: you have given your consent for one or more specific purposes (1) It is necessary to perform a contract we are about to enter into or have entered into with you (2) It is necessary for our legitimate interests (or those of a third party) and your interests and fundamental rights do not override those interests (3) it is necessary to protect the vital interests of you or another natural person (4) or it is necessary to comply with a legal obligation.

Where we are relying on your consent as the legal basis, we will notify you and seek additional consent before using your personal data for a new purpose that is inconsistent with the original purpose for which we collected it. You have the right to withdraw or decline your consent at any time. Where we rely on legitimate interest you have the right to object.

Again, Cohen Veterans Bioscience legal basis for collecting and using the personal information described in this Privacy Policy depends on the Personal Data we collect and the specific context in which we collect it.

Cohen Veterans Bioscience legitimate interest is in providing its websites and making the Services available to you, provided our interest is not outweighed by the risk of harm to your rights and freedoms. Cohen Veterans Bioscience may process your Personal Data because:

  • We need to execute and perform a legally binding contract with you
  • You have given us permission  consent to do so
  • The processing is in our legitimate interests and it’s not overridden by your rights
  • To comply with law

Sharing data

Your Personal Information may be shared with third part service providers that provide operational services on our behalf (such as web site hosting, information technology and infrastructure, data analytics, email delivery, auditing or other services) or assist us in providing you with support an resources.

We may provide your information to our affiliated organizations that share a common mission.

We may disclose your Personal Information as we believe to be necessary or appropriate to comply with applicable law, which may include laws outside of your country of residence, to respond to legitimate request from public and government authorities and to cooperate with law enforcement or other legal reasons. We may also disclose your Personal Information to enforce our terms of use, to protect our rights and to protect your rights.

Retention of Data

Cohen Veterans Bioscience will retain your Personal Data only for as long as is necessary for the purposes set out in this Privacy Policy. We will retain and use your Personal Data to the extent necessary to comply with our legal obligations (for example, if we are required to retain your data to comply with applicable laws), resolve disputes, and enforce our legal agreements and policies.

Cohen Veterans Bioscience will also retain Usage Data for internal analysis purposes. Usage Data is generally retained for a shorter period of time, except when this data is used to strengthen the security or to improve the functionality of our Service, or we are legally obligated to retain this data for longer time periods.

Transfer of Data

Your information, including Personal Data, may be transferred to and maintained on computers located outside of your state, province, country or other governmental jurisdiction where the data protection laws may differ than those from your jurisdiction. Countries where we process data may have laws which are different and potentially not as protective, as the laws of your own country.

If you are located outside United States and choose to provide information to us, please note that we may transfer the data, including Personal Data, to the United States and process it there.

Cohen Veterans Bioscience will take all steps reasonably necessary to ensure that your data is treated securely and in accordance with this Privacy Policy and no transfer of your Personal Data will take place to an organization or a country unless there are adequate controls in place including the security of your data and other personal information.

Your consent to this Privacy Policy followed by your submission of such information represents your agreement to that transfer.

Disclosure of Data

Disclosure for Law Enforcement

Under certain circumstances, Cohen Veterans Bioscience may be required to disclose your Personal Data if required to do so by law or in response to valid requests by public authorities (e.g. a court or a government agency).

Legal Requirements

Cohen Veterans Bioscience may disclose your Personal Data in the good faith belief that such action is necessary to:

  • To comply with a legal obligation
  • To protect and defend the rights or property of Cohen Veterans Bioscience
  • To prevent or investigate possible wrongdoing in connection with the Service
  • To protect the personal safety of users of the Service or the public
  • To protect against legal liability

Except as described above, Cohen Veterans Bioscience will not disclose your personal information to third parties for their own marketing purposes without your consent.

Security of Data

Cohen Veterans Bioscience takes all reasonable steps to protect your information from loss, misuse, unauthorized access or disclosure, alteration or destruction, including through the use of encryption when collecting or transferring sensitive data. The security of your data is important to us, but remember that no method of transmission over the Internet, or method of electronic storage is 100% secure. While we strive to use commercially acceptable means to protect your Personal Data, we cannot guarantee its absolute security.

We work hard to protect your personal information. We use both technical and procedural methods to maintain the integrity and security of our databases. Our websites contain links to other websites operated by third parties. They may be of interest to you. We cannot control these third party sites. They may collect personal information from you. When you follow a link and leave our websites, you do so at your own risk.

“Do Not Track” Signals

Do Not Track (DNT) is a preference you can set in some web browsers to inform websites that you do not want to be tracked. You can enable or disable this feature, Do Not Track (DNT), by visiting the preferences or settings page of your web browser. Web browsers incorporate and activate this functionality in different ways, and user intent is not always clear.

Certain browsers like Internet Explorer, Firefox and Safari offer a “Do Not Track” or “DNT” option that sends a signal to websites visited by the user about the user’s browser DNT preference setting.

Uniform standards for “Do Not Track” have not been established, Cohen Veterans Bioscience websites and our Service does not process or respond to “Do Not Track” signals.

There currently is disagreement, including among participants in leading Internet standards-setting organizations, concerning what, if anything, websites should do when they receive such signals.

Our websites currently do not take action in response to these signals, but, if and when a standard is established and accepted, we may reassess how to respond to these signals.

Your Data Protection Rights including Rights Under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

Pursuant to the EU General Data Protection Regulation, natural persons (called data subjects) located in the European Economic Area (EEA) are afforded certain rights regarding their personal data, including the right access, correct, delete, restrict or object to our use of, and receive a portable copy in a usable electronic format of your personal data. You also may have the right withdraw any consent that you have previously provided to us and to lodge a complaint with your local data protection or privacy regulator.

If you wish to be informed what Personal Data we hold about you and if you want it to be removed from our systems, please contact us.

The scope of these GDPR data protection rights include:

  • The right to access, update or to delete the information we have on you. Whenever made possible, you can access, update or request deletion of your Personal Data directly within your account settings section. If you are unable to perform these actions yourself, please contact us to assist you.
  • The right of rectification. You have the right to have your information rectified if that information is inaccurate or incomplete.
  • The right to object. You have the right to object to our processing of your Personal Data.
  • The right of restriction. You have the right to request that we restrict the processing of your personal information.
  • The right to data portability. You have the right to be provided with a copy of the information we have on you in a structured, machine-readable and commonly used format.
  • The right to withdraw consent. You also have the right to withdraw your consent at any time where Cohen Veterans Bioscience relied on your consent to process your personal information.

To the extent provided by applicable laws (including the GDPR), you also may have the right to have the data or content deactivated, blocked, anonymized, or deleted, as appropriate, request and receive a copy of the personal data you have provided us and to transmit this data to a third party, and lodge a complaint with the applicable data protection authority. To exercise any of these rights that you are not able to do directly, please contact us.

If you would like to exercise any of the above rights, and the law of your jurisdiction requires us to honor that request, please send your request in writing to the address below. To assist us in processing your request in timely manner, please make your request in English if you are able to do so. Your request should include any information relevant to your request, including, without limitation: (i) your name, email and postal address; (ii) the specific right you are asserting (e.g., removal); and (iii) if you are requesting removal, a brief explanation of why you believe such information should be removed.

Please note that we may ask you to verify your identity before responding to such requests.

Service Providers

We may employ third party companies and individuals to facilitate our Service (“Service Providers”), to provide the Service on our behalf, to perform Service-related services or to assist us in analyzing how our Service is used.

These third parties have access to your Personal Data only to perform these tasks on our behalf and are obligated not to disclose or use it for any other purpose.

Analytics

We may use third-party Service Providers to monitor and analyze the use of our Service.

  • Google Analytics

Google Analytics is a web analytics service offered by Google that tracks and reports website traffic. Google uses the data collected to track and monitor the use of our Service. This data is shared with other Google services. Google may use the collected data to contextualize and personalize the ads of its own advertising network.

You can opt-out of having made your activity on the Service available to Google Analytics by installing the Google Analytics opt-out browser add-on. The add-on prevents the Google Analytics JavaScript (ga.js, analytics.js, and dc.js) from sharing information with Google Analytics about visits activity.

For more information on the privacy practices of Google, please visit the Google Privacy & Terms web page: https://policies.google.com/privacy?hl=en

Links to Other Sites and third party websites

Our Service may contain links to other sites that are not operated by us. If you click on a third party link, you will be directed to that third party’s site. We strongly advise you to review the Privacy Policy of every site you visit.

This Privacy Statement does not apply to, and Cohen Veterans Bioscience is not responsible for, the privacy practices or the content of such third-party websites, including business partner websites. Their use of personal information will be governed by their own privacy policies.

We have no control over and assume no responsibility for the content, privacy policies or practices of any third party sites or services.

Minors and Children’s Privacy

Our Service does not address anyone under the age of 18 (“Children”).

We do not knowingly collect personally identifiable information from anyone under the age of 18. We will not knowingly collect information from website visitors in this age group. If you are a parent or guardian and you are aware that your child has provided us with Personal Data, please contact us. If we become aware that we have collected Personal Data from children without verification of parental consent, we will take steps to remove that information from our Services .

Changes to This Privacy Policy

We may update our Privacy Policy from time to time. We will notify you of any changes by posting the new Privacy Policy on this page.

We will let you know via email and/or a prominent notice on our Service, prior to the change becoming effective and update the “effective date” at the top of this Privacy Policy or by some other means.

You are advised to review this Privacy Policy periodically for any changes. Changes to this Privacy Policy are effective when they are posted on this page.

Your continued use of this website and the continued use of the our Services following these changes means that you accept such changes and any revised Privacy Statement.

Contact Us

If you have any questions about this Privacy Policy, please contact us:

  • By email: info@cohenbio.org
  • By visiting this page on our website: https://www.cohenveteransbioscience.org/contact-us/
  • By mail:
    • Cohen Veterans Bioscience
      1 Broadway, 14th Floor
      Cambridge, MA 02142
      Attention: Chief Privacy Officer

Security Breach or Fraud Notification.

If you witness or become aware of any suspected privacy or security breach of data (i.e., mishandling, theft, loss, or improper disclosure of personal information) or potentially fraudulent activity, please report within 24 hours.